Hindu Dainam Dhina Prarthana
(The daily prayers of a Hindu)
Sanathana Dharma better known as Hinduism is one of the greatest and finest of ancient religions. It preaches that every individual’s aim should be Moksha which in simple words means merger with the Ultimate truth called Brahman and reaching a state of no re birth.
Savants and sages of the religion suggest several methods to attain this enviable state. Of these the simplest is Bhakthi Yoga or devotion to God, which ultimately merges you with God. To make this easily possible a pan theistic concept of God is enunciated by the religion. Here is a method to start the day with prayers and end it with prayers, in a very simple manner.
1.Stotras as soon as one wakes up:-
A Hindu is supposed to wake uo very early in the morning much earlier to sun rise. It is believed that the first thing you see in the morning determines one’s day.
As soon as one wakes up see he is supposed to see his palm and recite the following sloka:-
Karagre vasathu Lakshmi, Karamadhye Saraswathi,
Karamoole sthitha Gowri, Prabhate Kaa Darshanam.
Lakshmi lives in the tip of my palm,
Saraswathi lives in its middle,
And Gowri lives at its base,
So I see my palm in the early morn.
2.Prayer before one gets up from bed and steps on the earth,
Earth is a Goddess to Hindus. She is one of the wives of Maha Vishnu one of the trinity of Hinduism. So it is necessary to ask her pardon before one sets ones foot on her.This is done by the following prayer:-
Samudhra vasane devi, parvatha sthana mandithe,
Vishnu pathni namasthubhyam pada sparsam kshamasva mae.
Salutations to you consort of Lord Vishnu,
Who is clothed by oceans,
And is adorned prettily by the mountains,
Pardon me mother, for setting my foot on you.
3.While taking bath
Cleanliness is a sin qua non-to every Hindu.He does purification of the body as well as the mind during his bath. Purificatory bath is ultimate if it is done in the sacred waters of some great rivers of India.The following prayers are recited while taking bath:-
Govindethi sada snanam Govindethi sada japam,
Govindethi sada dhyanam , sada Govinda keerthanam.
Meditate on Govinda while taking bath,
Meditate on him in your prayers,
Meditate on him while thinking of God,
And always sing his name.
Gange cha Yamune chaiva Godavari Saraswathi,
Narmada Sindhu Kaveri Jale asmin sannidhim kuru.
I pray you to enter,
This water meant for my bath,
Oh , holy river Ganga,
Oh, Holy river Yamuna,
Oh , Holy river Godavari,
Oh, Holy river Saraswathi,
Oh , Holy river Narmada,
Oh holy river Sindhu,
And holy river Kaveri.
4.While wearing sacred ash
Wearing sacred ash after bath is an important duty of all followers of Lord Shiva.
OM agnir ithi basma, jalam ithi basma ,
Sthalam ithi basma ,Vyomithi basma,
Sarvam hava itham Basma,
Mana yethani chakshushi Basma
Om sacred ash is fire , sacred ash is water
Sacred ash is earth, Sacred ash is the air ,
And all invocations are sacred ash ,
Mind and eyes are the sacred ash.
5.Before starting learning or practicing or doing anything
Mother Saraswathi in the form of Goddess presiding over knowledge and education.She is the consort of Lord Brahma.
Saraswathi Namasthubhyam, varade Kama roopini,
Vidhyarambham karishyami, sidhir bhavathu me sada.
My salutations to Goddess Saraswathi,
Who can take any form,
Who is the bestower of all boons,
And I start learning now,
With the prayer to her,
To make it very effective.
6,Before eating any food , we pray that all our actions are actions of God.
Brahmarpanam Brahma Havir
Brahmaiva Tena Ghantavyam
Brahmaiva Tena Ghantavyam
The giving away is God , the food offering is God ,
It is offered by God in to the fire of the God,
We are moving towards God ,
Meditating that we are doing action of God.
7.Prayer to Thulasi plant
Thulasi or ocimum plant is venerated by every Hindu and is invariably grown in the courtyard of every house.After lighting up the lamp he is supposed to clean up the thulasi plant and water it while reciting the following prayer:-
Thulasi shree sakhi shubhe , papa haarini punyade,
Namasthe Naradanuthe , Namo Narayana priye.
Oh , Holy Thulasi,
Bosom friend of Lakshmi,
Destroyer of sins,
Bestower of blessings,
Salutations to thee,
Who is praised by sage Narada,
And is the darling of Lord Narayana
8.When you see the lighted lamp
A lighted lamp removes darkness and is comparable to god who removes ignorance .Hindus light a lamp for every worship.Here is a prayer to the lighted lamp
Shubham karothi Kalyanam,
Aarogyam Dhana Sampadha ,
Sathru budhi vinasanaya
Deepa jyothir namo nama
I salute the flame of the lamp , for performance of good deeds,
For health, wealth , riches and for destruction of enemies
9.Then he prays to the banyan tree which is the holy tree providing him with shade , happiness and prosperity,
Aswatha vruksha sthuthi(Prayer to the banyan tree)
Moolatho brahma roopaya madhyatho visnu roopine,
Agratha Shiva roopaya , vruksha rajaya the nama.
Salutations to the king of trees,
Whose roots are Lord Brahma,
Whose stem is Lord Vishnu,
And whose crown is Lord Shiva.
10.Before retiring to sleep
Before you start sleeping you beg the pardon of the God for all sins committed unknowingly throughout the day.
Kara charana krutham vaak kayajam karmajam vaa,
Sravana nayanajam vaa maanasam vaa aparadham,
Vihithamavihitham vaa sarva methath Kshamaswa,
Jaya Jaya katunabdhe sri Mahadeva Shambho.
Please pardon Oh lord
All those acts committed by me,
By hands, by action, by body or
By hearing, by my sight, or by my mind,
Whether they are proper or improper..
Victory oh victory, Oh, ocean of mercy,
Oh, The greatest of Gods and Oh benevolent one.