Rama Gita From Aranya Kandam of Malayalam Adhyathma Ramayanam.
THunjathu Ramayanan Ezhuthachan
Translated in to English by
Rama Gita is the conversation between Rama and Lakshmana, in which Rama teaches several aspects of Philosophy,One such conversatyion occurs in Aranya kanda Of Adhyathma Ramayana as translated by Thunjathu ezhuthachan in to Malayalam and Thulasi das in to Hindi. Both of them call this as Rama Gita but majority of scholars call the sixty two sloka conversation between Rama and Lakshmana in the Uthara Kandam as Rama Geetha.
Please read the Rama gita as translated by THinjathu Ezhthachan, which has been translated by me in to English
Teaching to Lakshmana
Lakshman oru dinam yekanthe Rama devan,
Trukkazhal koopi vinaanwithanai chonnan
One day Lakshmana alone with God Rama,
Saluting his feet told with great humility.
“Mukthi margathhe yarul cheyyanam,
Bhakthanam adiyanodu ajnanam neengum vannam,
Jnana vijnana bhakthi vairagya chihnamellam,
Manasanandam varumaru arul cheytheedenam,
Nerode yupadesicheeduvaan bhoomandale.”
Sri Raman athu kettu Lakshmanan thannodu appol,
Aarudanandamarul cheythithu vazhipole .
“Please tell me about the way to salvation,
In such a way that the ignorance of this devotee goes away,
Please tell me about the signs of divine wisdom , scientific knowledge ,
Devotion and detachment so that my mind would be happy,
For in this earth there is no one except you,
Who can tell me with authority about this.”
Hearing this Sri Rama with a rising sensation of joy,
Told Lakshmana in a proper manner.
“Kettalum yengilathu guhyamam upadesam,
Kettolam thernnu koodum vikalpa bramamellam,
Mumbinaal maya swaroopathejnan cholleduvan,
Ambodu pinne jnana sadanam chollamallo.
Vijnana sahithamaam jnanvum cholvan pinne,
Vijnayam mathma sawaroopatheyum cholaamedo ,
Jneyamayulla pramathmanam ariyumbol,
Maya sambanda bhayamokke neengedumallo .”
Please hear this teaching which is a great secret,
As you hear your confusion about changes will vanish,
First I will tell you about the form of illusion,
And later I would tell you about consequences of divine wisdom,
And later I will tell you about wisdom with scientific thought,
And I will also tell you how to understand the form of the soul,
And when you understand the concept of the divine soul,
The fear about illusion would go away from you.
“Athmavallatheyulla dehadhi vasthukkalil,
Atmavennulla bodham yadonnu jagathraye,
Mayayakunnathu nirnayam athinale ,
Kaya sambandam aakum samsaram bhavikkunnu,
Undallo pinne vikshepavarangal yennu,
Randu roopam mayaykennariyuga, soumithre nee,
Yennathil munnethallo lokathe kalpikunnathu,
Yennariga athi sthoola sookshma bedangalodum,
Lingadhibrahmanthamaam avidhya roopamathum,
Sangadhi doshangale sambhavi pikkunnathum.”
The belief in all the three worlds that ,
The parts of the body which are not the soul,
Are the soul is most definitely because of illusion,
And because of this the life becomes related to the body,
And further there is the concept of “wrong understanding” and “the hiding screen”,
Which are the two forms of illusion, you understand this Lakshmana,
And the first among these makes the world appear as true,
Along with the very many gross and micro differences,
And it is spread as the form of negative wisdom ,
Which is spread from the body to the Brahmam,
And is the reason for the problems such as great desire.
Jnana roopiniyakum vidhyayathu,
Ananda prapthi hetha Bhootha yennarinjalum,
Maya kalpitham paramathmani viswamedo,
Maya kondallo viswam undennu thonnikkunnu,
Rajju gandathingale pannaga budhi pole ,
Nischayam vicharikkil yetum onnillayallo ,
Manavanmaaral kana pettathum kelkkayathum,
Manasathingal smarikka pedunnathumellam,
Swapna sannibham vicharikkil allathu onnallo,
Vibhramam kalanjaalum vikalpamudakenda.
The learning which has the form of divine wisdom,
Which is the second one , is the cause for getting joy,
And the world is being imagined as a part of the divine soul.
It is the illusion that makes world appear to be true,
Similar to one seeing a serpent in a piece of rope,
But if we properly think nothing of these is there.
All that which are seen or heard and ,
Imagined which is in the mind by man ,
Are like a dream, if you properly think about it ,
Throw away this disturbance and do not have wrong understanding.
Janma samsara vruksha moolamayathu deham,
Thanmoolam puthra kalathradhi sambandamellam,
Dehamayathupancha Bhootha sanchaya mayam,
Deha sambandam maya vaibhavam vicharichaal,
Indriya dasakavum ahankaravum budhi,
Manassum chitha moola prakrukruthi yennithellam,
Orthu kandalum orumichu irikkunnathallo.
Kshethramayathudeham yennum undallo namam.
Yenivathingal ninnuveronnu jeevanathum,
Nirnayam paramathma, nischalam niramayan,
Jeevathma swaroopathe yarinjukolvanulla,
Sadhanangale kettu kolga soumithre nee.
The root of the tree of birth and domestic life is the body.
And due to that arises the relation between son and the wife,
And that body is only a collection of the five elements,
And if we think about the relation with the body is the greatness of illusion,
And if we think correctly , the ten organs (five mental and five physical),
The pride , the intelligence ,mind, brain and the basic traits,
Together is being termed as the body.
This body has another name , “ field”(temple?),
And the one which is from all this is the soul,
And definitely the divine soul is stable and one without properties,
And Oh Lakshmana, please hear from me about that ,
Which helps us to understand the form of the soul.
Jeevathmavennum paramathmavennathum orkill,
Kevalam paryaya sabdhangal yennarinjalum,
Bedam yethumeyilla random onnathre noonam.
Bedam undennu parayunnathu ajnanmaarallo.
Manavum dambam himsavakrathwam , kamam, krodham,
Manase vedinju santhushtanai sada ka;am,
Anyoksha upadhikalum sahichu sama budhyaa ,
Manyu bhavam akale kalanju anudinam,
Bhakthi kai kondu guru sevayum cheythunija,
Chitha sudhiyum deha shudhiyum cheythu kondu,
Nithyavum sal karmangalkku ilakkam varuthathe ,
Sathyathe samasrayichu , Ananda swaroopanai,
Manasa vachana dehangale yadaikki,
Than manase vishaya soukhyangale chithiyathe ,
Janana jara marangale chithichu ullil,
Anahangarathwena sama bhavanayodum,
SArva athmavakum yengal uracha manassodum,
Sarvadaa Rama ramethyam itha japathodum,
Puthra dararthishu nisnehathwavum cheythu,
SAkthiyum onningalum koodathe nirantharam,
Ishanishta prapthikku thulya bhavathodu,
Santhushtanai viviktha shudha sthale vasikkenam.
If we think about the soul of the being and the divine soul,
Please understand that they are only alternate words,
They do not have any difference and both are same,
And those who tell that there is difference are ignorant people,
Forsaking egoism, pride , causing sorrow to others ,
Wrong thoughts, passion and anger completely from the mind,
Living with contentment always , tolerating jibes from other sources,
With tolerance , throw away the comparison with others ,
Daily having devotion to god ., serving one’s guru,
Doing real cleanliness of our mind and body,
Without discontinuing hospitality to others,
Depending only on truth, becoming personification of joy,
Controlling the mind , the body and the words,
Never thinking in the mind body pleasures,
Thinking about birth death and old age ,
Without pride in the mind, with equal treatment of others,
With a mind firmly placed in me , who is the universal soul,
With always engaged in chanting the name of Rama, Rama
With no particular attachment to son and the wife,
Without particular attachment to anything,
With always having same emotions to get things which we like or dislike,
And with contentment we should live in a lonely , clean place.
Prakrutha janangalumai vasikkarathu ottum,
Yekanthe pramathma Jnana thalparanai,
Vedantha vakhyarthangal avalokanam cheythu,
Vaideeka karmangalum athmani samarpichal,
Jnanavum akatharil urachu chamanjidum,
Manase vikalpangal yethume yundakola.
We should never live with vulgar people,
We have to live alone with interest in getting divine wisdom,
And read and understand the meaning of words of philosophy,
And dedicate all priestly rituals to the soul,
Then divine wisdom will get firm in our mind ,
And there would not be any confusion in the mind.
Athma vakunnathu yenthennundokel athum yengil,
Athmavalaalo deha , prana budhya ahankaram,
Manasadhikal onnum ivathin ninnu mele,
Manamillatha paramathmavu thane vere,
Nilpithu chidathmavu shudham avyaktham budham,
Thal padathmaa jnan iha thwal padarthavum aayi,
Jnanam kondenne vazhipole kandarinjidaam,
Jnanam akunnathu yenne kattunna vasthu thanne.
Now here about what is the soul,
It is not me, nor my body, nor my soul ,
Nor my wisdom , nor my pride, nor my mind,
And is something about all these,
And is very different from the measure less divine soul,
I who am pure , not comprehensible and who knows all
Am standing here is the divine soul ,
And your soul using your assets can understand ,
Me by use of divine wisdom by trials for,
Wisdom is certainly the thing that shows me.
Jnanam undakunnathu Vijnanam kondu thanne,
Jnanithennu arivinnu sdanamakayale,
Sarvathra paripoornan athmavu chidanandam,
SArva sathwanthar gathan aparichedhyanallo.
Divine wisdom comes through scientific enquiry,
And so it leads you to the conclusion,
That I am that , which is the complete soul,
One with divine joy , one who is within all beings ,
And one who cannot be understood as this or that.
Yekan advayan paran avyayan jaganmayan,
Yogesan ajan akhiladaran niradharan,
Nithya Sathya Jnana aadhi lakshanan , brahmathmakan,
Budhyupadhikalil verittavan mayamayan,
Jnanam kondupagamyanyoginaam yekathmanam,
Jnanam acharya sasthrougha upadesa ikhya jnanam,
Aathmanorevam jeeva parayor moola vidhyaa,
Aathmani karya karanangalum koodi chernnu ,
Layicheedumbol ullor avathayallo mukthi,
Layathodasu verittiruppathu athmavonne.
One who is alone , one who does not have two ,
One who is divine , one who does not change , one who is everywhere ,
The God of Yoga , one who was not born ,
One who carries everything, One who does not carry anything,
One who can be recognized by perennial true wisdom,
One who is the soul of Brahmam , one who is separate ,
From the instruments like intelligence ,
One who is pervaded by illusion ,
One who can be understood by divine knowledge,
One who can be understood by yogis who have merged their soul,
When the knowledge churned out from wisdom of Gurus and Sasthras ,
Which tells about the unity of the soul and the divine soul reaches you,
Then the basic primeval knowledge that is within you merges ,
With the action and cause and becomes one with the Divine soul,
And this state of merging is known as salvation,
And that which stands out of this merger is the soul only.
Jnana vijnana vairagyathodu sahithamaam,
Anandamayitulla kaivalya swaroopam
Ithulla vanname paravaanum itharivanum,
Ullam nallunarvorilla aarum jagathingal,
Madbhakthi illathavarkku yethrayum durlabham kel,
Madbhakthi kondu thanne kaivalyam varum thanum,
Nethram mundennakilum kanmathinnundu pani ,
Rathriyil thande padam deepamundennakile ,
Nerulla vazhiyarinjeetaavitha vanname ,
Sri Rama bhakthiyundakile kanai varu.
The form of salvation which is a divine joy,
Exists along with divine wisdom , scientific enquiry and detachment,
It can be only told as such because there are ,
None in the world who can understand or tell about it.
Please hear , salvation is very difficult to attain by those who do not have devotion to me,
And definitely salvation will come through devotion to me,
When it is dark at night , even if you have eyes,
You will not be able to see and need a light for it,
And like this , people cannot know the straight path to salvation,
And can see it only if they have devotion to Rama.
Bhakthannu nannai prakasikkum atmavu noonam,
Bhathikku kanaum yenthennu kettalum nee,
Mad bhakthamaraodulla nithya sangama mathum,
Mad bhakthanmare kanivode devikkunnathum,
Yekadasyadhi vruthanushtanangalum punar-
Akulamenniye sadichu kolkayum Adha,
Mal kadha pada sravanangal cheykayum mudhaa,
Mal guna namangale keerthichu kollugayum,
SAntham ithamengil varthikkum janangalkku oru antharam,
Varathu oru bhakthiyum undai varum.
Bhakthi vardhichal pinnemathonnum varenda,
Athillathauthamothamanmarai ullavar allo,
Bhkthi yukthannuvijnana Jnana vairagyangal ,
Sadhya sambhavicheedum mennal mukthiyum varum.
Mukthi margam thavaka prasnanu sara vassal,
Ukthamayathu ninakennale darikke nee ,
Vakthvyamalla noonan yethrayum guhyam mama,
Bhakthanmarkkozhinju upadesichidaruthallo ,
Bhakthan yennakil avan chodicheelennakilum,
Vakthavyam avanodu viswasam varikayaal,
Bhakthi viswasa shuddha yukthanaam marthyannithu,
Nithyamai padam cheygil ajnanam akannu pom ,
Bhakthi samyukthanmaaram yogeendramaarkku noonam,
Hastha samsthithayallo mukthiyennarinjalum.
Always the soul of a devotee shines well,
And please hear from me the reason for devotion,
The daily interaction with my devotees,
And serving my devotes with tender emotion,
And observing penances like Ekadasi,
Which are to be again and again observed without sorrow,
And Worship or salutation or meditation or service,
Or Giving good food to those Brahmins who worship the fire,
Or reading and or hearing my stories,
Or praising me by telling my good names,
And those people who do all these things,
Will have incomparable devotion towards me.
If devotion increases there is no need for any other thing,
For they are best among the good people .
To those having devotion, though , they would go through,
Divine wisdom scientific temper and detachment,
They would also attain salvation,
The way to salvation in answer to your question,
You would get it through me , understand this.
What I told should not be told to others and is also a secret,
And it should not be told to any one except my devotees.
Though a devotee does not ask this,
It has been told because of my faith in him,
To that man who reads this daily with devotion, faith and interest,
The lack of wisdom will completely go away from him,
And to the king of Yogis who are blessed with devotion,
Salvation will definitely be within their reach.